[Country map of Tromelin Island]

Tromelin Island

(possession of France)


Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

Map references: Africa

total area: 1 sq km
land area: 1 sq km
comparative area: about 1.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 3.7 km

Maritime claims:
contiguous zone: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

International disputes: claimed by Madagascar, Mauritius, and Seychelles

Climate: tropical

Terrain: sandy

Natural resources: fish

Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
meadows and pastures: 0%
forest and woodland: 0%
other: 100% (scattered bushes)

Irrigated land: 0 sq km

current issues: NA
natural hazards: NA
international agreements: NA

Note: climatologically important location for forecasting cyclones; wildlife sanctuary


Population: uninhabited


conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Tromelin Island
local long form: none
local short form: Ile Tromelin

Digraph: TE

Type: French possession administered by Commissioner of the Republic, resident in Reunion

Capital: none; administered by France from Reunion

Independence: none (possession of France)


Overview: no economic activity


Ports: none; offshore anchorage only

total: 1
with paved runways under 914 m: 1


Note: important meteorological station

Defense Forces

Note: defense is the responsibility of France