[Country map of Kingman Reef]

Kingman Reef

(territory of the US)


Location: Oceania, reef in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to American Samoa

Map references: Oceania

total area: 1 sq km
land area: 1 sq km
comparative area: about 1.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 3 km

Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

International disputes: none

Climate: tropical, but moderated by prevailing winds

Terrain: low and nearly level with a maximum elevation of about 1 meter

Natural resources: none

Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
meadows and pastures: 0%
forest and woodland: 0%
other: 100%

Irrigated land: 0 sq km

current issues: NA
natural hazards: wet or awash most of the time, maximum elevation of about 1 meter makes this a maritime hazard
international agreements: NA

Note: barren coral atoll with deep interior lagoon; closed to the public


Population: uninhabited


conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Kingman Reef

Digraph: KQ

Type: unincorporated territory of the US administered by the US Navy, however it is awash the majority of the time, so it is not usable and is uninhabited

Capital: none; administered from Washington, DC


Overview: no economic activity


Ports: none; offshore anchorage only

Airports: lagoon was used as a halfway station between Hawaii and American Samoa by Pan American Airways for flying boats in 1937 and 1938

Defense Forces

Note: defense is the responsibility of the US