[Country map of Juan de Nova Island]

Juan de Nova Island

(possession of France)


Location: Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-third of the way between Madagascar and Mozambique

Map references: Africa

total area: 4.4 sq km
land area: 4.4 sq km
comparative area: about 7.5 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 24.1 km

Maritime claims:
contiguous zone: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

International disputes: claimed by Madagascar

Climate: tropical

Terrain: NA

Natural resources: guano deposits and other fertilizers

Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
meadows and pastures: 0%
forest and woodland: 90%
other: 10%

Irrigated land: 0 sq km

current issues: NA
natural hazards: periodic cyclones
international agreements: NA

Note: wildlife sanctuary


Population: uninhabited


conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Juan de Nova Island
local long form: none
local short form: Ile Juan de Nova

Digraph: JU

Type: French possession administered by Commissioner of the Republic, resident in Reunion

Capital: none; administered by France from Reunion

Independence: none (possession of France)


Overview: no economic activity


total: NA km; short line going to a jetty

Ports: none; offshore anchorage only

total: 1
with unpaved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 1

Defense Forces

Note: defense is the responsibility of France